Foundation for Endangered Languages

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8. Publications of Interest

Stabilizing Indigenous Languages
edited by Gina Cantoni

Available in April 1996, Stabilizing Indigenous Languages is the proceedings of two symposia sponsored by the Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs (OBEMLA) at Northern Arizona University in 1994 and 1995. This 256 page monograph is available for $2.00 mailing costs. Write Jon Reyhner, Bilingual/Multicultural Education Program Coordinator, Center for Excellence in Education, P. O. Box 5774, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011-5774. Make checks out to Northern Arizona University. No purchase orders please. Quantity discounts on shipping are available: phone 520 523 0580, FAX 520 523 1929, or e-mail Jon.Reyhner(at)

Selected Contents

Introduction, Gina Cantoni
Preface, Richard E. Littlebear
Rationale and Needs for Stabilizing Indigenous Languages, Jon Reyhner
Status of Native American Language Endangerment, Michael Krauss
Aboriginal Language Maintenance, Development, and Enhancement, Barbara Burnaby
OBEMLA's Commitment to Endangered Languages, Dang T. Pham
Seven Hypotheses on Language Loss: Causes and Cures, James Crawford
Policy Documents: Native American Languages Act of 1990 & National Goals -INAR Task Force
Families and Community Group Summary
What Do You Lose When You Lose Your Language?, Joshua Fishman
What My Hualapai Language Means To Me, Damon Clarke
Language Activists Panel Summary, Jon Reyhner
Written Statement, Rosemary Ackley Christensen
Media, Writers, Arts Session Summary, Laura Wallace
Written Statement, Ofelia Zepeda
Education Group Summary
Early Childhood Session Summary, Gary D. McLean
Schools - Language Acquisition Session Summary, Gary D. McLean
Schools - Developmental Session Summary, Ferlin Clark
Colleges and Universities Session Summary
Native American Student Panel Summary, Jon Reyhner & Deborah House
Adult Education Session Summary, Deborah House & Jon Reyhner
Hawaiian Language Programs, Kauanoe Kamana & William H. Wilson
Lower Kuskokwim Bilingual Programs, Beverly Williams, Kathy Gross, & Duane Magoon
Stories for Language Revitalization in Nahuatl & Chichimeca, Norbert Francis & Rafael Andrade
Tuba City, Gary D. McLean and Jon Reyhner
Maintaining Languages: What Works and What Doesn't, Joshua Fishman
Selected Resources on Endangered Languages, Anthony C. Woodbury
A Model for Promoting Native American Language Preservation and Teaching

Ojibwe language and history

For those interested in the Ojibwe language and linguistics, the Spring 1996 issue of the Oshkaabewis Native Journal and the accompanying cassette tape will be available on April 12.

To get your copy, acquire subscription information or details on back issues, you may

1. Visit the ONJ web site at:
2. Send your mailing address to Anton Treuer at: atreuer(at)
3. Write to Indian Studies, Bemidji State University at: Box 19, Sanford Hall, 1500 Birchmont Drive NE, Bemidji, MN 56601, USA

The Oshkaabewis Native Journal is a bi-annual forum (published every spring and fall) for contributions to knowledge about the Ojibwe language. Contributions include monolingual and bilingual Ojibwe stories in the double vowel orthography, scholarly articles and reviews of Ojibwe language material.

The Spring 1996 issue of the ONJ contains Ojibwe stories and scholarly articles by Joe Auginaush, Gilles Delisle, Robert Fairbanks, Emma Fisher, Henry Flocken, Rose Foss, Daniel Jones, Dennis Jones, Nancy Jones, William Jones, Archie Mosay, John Nichols, Earl Nyholm, John Pinesi, Anton Treuer and Porky White.

MultiLingual Computing - The Magazine of LanguageTechnology Joseph Tomei of Hokkaido University, Institute of Language and Culture, S317 Kyoyobu, N17 W8, Kita-ku writes:

Since 'endangered languages' includes those languages which currently have a power base but are in danger from encroaching world languages, those of you who are working in those situations might be interested in a new magazine called MultiLingual Computing (subtitled: The Magazine of Language Technology), which deals with, among other points, the problems of the localization of software products (rough definition 'putting everything associated with the program or the computer in a target language'). It's definitely for the computer-literate programming type, but it might be useful to know to suggest as a reference for people interested in this work.



The cover price is $5.95(US) and it's published 6 times a year. The address is:
Multilingual Computing, Inc.
111 Cedar St.
Sandpoint, Idaho 83864 USA

"Anyone who isn't confused isn't well-informed."

Nationalist Mobilization in Catalonia and the Basque Country:
Alternative Routes To Ethnic Autonomy
by Daniele Conversi.
Reno, NV: University of Nevada Press/ London: Hurst & Co., 1995

Two of Europe's strongest nationalist movements are those of Spain's Basque and Catalan minorities. Rooted in cultures that long predate the modern state, bound together by languages and traditions that have historically divided them from their neighbors, the Basques and the Catalans have struggled for centuries to retain their ethnic identities against the devastating impact of modernization and state-enforced assimilation.

This new study by Daniele Conversi examines and compares the history, motives, and methods of these two movements, considering the influence of such intertwined aspects of nationalist mobilization as the choice of language, race, and descent as core values; the consequences of large-scale immigration; and the causes and effects of social violence. The result is a fresh analysis of the ways ethnic elites create a national vision through the use of cultural material and symbols, and the ways their choice of core values can shape the methods and character of their movements.

The success of the Basque and Catalan movements in achieving regional autonomy in post-Franco Spain has been accomplished through radically different programs that reflect a wide range of choices, values, and methods. Conversi's penetrating interpretation of these programs offers vital new understanding not only of the recent history of Spain but of the dynamics of nationalist movements throughout the modern world.

Daniele Conversi received his Ph.D. from the London School of Economics. He teaches at the Institute for European Studies/Peace Studies at Cornell University.

The Zia Pueblo in New Mexico and the Karuk Tribe in Northern California

Native Language Communities: A Descriptive Study of Two Community Efforts to Preserve Their Native Languages

By Christine P. Sims
Linguistic Institute for Native Americans
Albuquerque, NM

This study, commissioned by the National Indian Policy Center, reviews the historical background and language experiences of the Zia Pueblo in New Mexico and the Karuk Tribe in northern California. It examines the factors contributing to language maintenance and language loss in these communities and analyzes the approaches each has taken to language preservation. Topics include the role of Native literacy, school-based language programs, community-based maintenance strategies, and language planning resources. The study concludes with a series of national policy recommendations.

The 130-page publication should be of special interest to Native educators and planners of language preservation programs. For more information on how to order a copy, contact:

Bob Arnold, Director
National Indian Policy Center
2021 K Street, N.W., Suite 211
Washington, DC 20006, USA
+1 (202) 973-7667
+1 (202) 973-7686 (fax)
Email: barnold(at)

"Living Languages Of The Americas"

There is a new resource on SIL's Web site--an on-line version of a book recently published by SIL called "Living Languages of the Americas" (1995). It combines information from the Ethnologue and the SIL Bibliography for all the languages in the Americas.The Web address is:

The book itself was originally intended for distribution to OAS member states for public relations purposes. Paper copies can be ordered from: International Academic Bookstore, SIL, 7500 W. Camp Wisdom Road, Dallas, TX 75236 (fax: 214/709-2433; e-mail academic.books(at)